B03  Spin+Non-Equilibrium: Ultrafast non-equilibrium spin and charge transport

Prof. Dr. Hans Christian Schneider (Department of Physics, TU Kaiserslautern)
Prof. Dr. Bärbel Rethfeld (Department of Physics, TU Kaiserslautern)
JProf. Dr. Benjamin Stadtmüller (Department of Physics, TU Kaiserslautern)

Project B03 is concerned with a comprehensive investigation of spin and charge transport in magnetic multilayer structures under pronounced non-equilibrium conditions created by ultra-short optical pulses. In this case, high densities of hot carriers far away from the Fermi energy are created, which start to move ballistically through the structure, but also undergo spin-dependent relaxation processes. Thus, our understanding of spin transport in magneto-electronic devices is not applicable here. The theory part of this project combines complementary methods to cover a wide range of excitations from close to the Fermi level, where the details of the band structure are important, to high energies, where plasma-like models can be applied. For this variety of excitation conditions, hot-electron transport is studied experimentally using a novel method based on the ultrafast magneto-optical Kerr effect with depth resolution.

Aim 1: Understanding of the role of non-equilibrium in spin-resolved hot electron transport in homogeneous metals;

Aim 2: Characterization of time-dependent spin and charge transport through interfaces and multilayer structures;

Aim 3: Development of numerically easily tractable macroscopic approaches to model time-dependent spin-transport for a broad range of excitation conditions of different magnetic multilayers.

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